Dec 15, 2017 · A doctor will perform a physical exam to determine if an infant or adult has an umbilical hernia. The doctor will see if the hernia can be pushed back into the abdominal cavity (reducible) or if. The causes of umbilical hernia are congenital and acquired malformation, but an apparent third cause is really a cause of a different type, a paraumbilical hernia.. Congenital. Congenital umbilical hernia is a congenital malformation of the navel (umbilicus). Among adults, it is three times more common in women than in men; among children, the ratio is roughly equal.Specialty: General surgery.
Once muscles in this region don’t join in the midline of the abdomen completely, this causes a weakness in the abdominal wall that eventually leads to umbilical hernia at birth or later in life as an adult. Umbilical hernia is also common in babies that were born premature or babies with low birth weights. An umbilical hernia occurs when part of the intestine or fatty tissue bulges through the muscle near the belly button (navel, umbilicus). Most (9 of 10) umbilical hernias in adults are acquired. This means that increased pressure near the umbilicus causes the umbilical hernia .